Photo: Bronze Age work from Vietnam (Creative Commons: Republic of Korea).
Bronze Age: increased use of bronze tools and cultivation of rice.
Hong Bang Period: smaller tribes consolidated. First Vietnamese state emerges which starts a period of dynastic rule.
Chinese Conquest: China’s Han empire conquers Vietnam.
Trung Sisters: first successful revolt against China creates a short-live Vietnamese ruled state.
China Reconquest: Han China reconquers Vietnam.
200 - 1407
Champa Kingdom: the Chams people revolt in Central Vietnam and establish a Hindu kingdom which lasts until 1407.
Independence: the Chinese are defeated and an independent Vietnam established. A second period of Vietnamese dynastic rule begins.
Partition: Vietnam is partitioned between the rival Trinh (north) and Nguyen (south) clans.
Tay Son Rebellion: both north and south lords are defeated by a peasant army.
French Colonization: in a series of steps, France places Vietnam under its control. Vietnam becomes a French colony (Indochina).
1940 - 1945
Japanese Occupation: Japan invades and occupies Vietnam during World War II.
First Indochina War: The Democratic Republic of Vietnam is established after Japan’s surrender by Ho Chih Minh. War with France breaks out.
Another Partition: France is defeated and Vietnam is again partitioned.
1954 - 1975
Second Indochina War: the communist North is victorious over a South that is allied to the US and the country is reunified. A period of rigid communist rule begins.
New Openess: the communist government adopts more capitalistic free market economic reforms.