Terracotta Warriors (photo: Drkangeltex).The Terracotta Warriors are an army of clay sculptures for China’s first emperor. The sculptures were made in 210 BC. Over 8,000 terracotta soldiers and 600 horses have been found.

The purpose of the terracotta warriors was to protect the emperor in his afterlife. The sculptures were discovered in 1974 by Chinese farmers in Shaanxi province.

Photo:  The terracotta warrior army of China (Creative Commons: Drkangeltex).

Emperor Qin Shi Huang Di

Ying Zheng became the first emperor of China in 246 BC. He was only 13 years old at the time. Soon after taking the throne, the emperor ordered the construction of the Terracotta Warriors.

The emperor accomplished many things during his rule. These accomplishments included standardizing weights, measures, language and coins. He also began construction of the Great Wall of China.

His greatest success was the unification of China under the Qin dynasty. This occurred during China’s Warring States period. Ying Zheng took on the name of Qin Shi Huang Di (the First Emperor of the Qin) after unifying China. He also built a transportation system consisting of canals and roads to connect the unified territories.

Construction of the Warriors

Over 700,000 laborers worked on the project top build this army. The life-sized Terracotta Warriors range in height from 173 cm to 188 cm. The soldiers are constructed of kiln-fired terracotta clay. Each was painted although the colors have since faded or peeled off.

Each soldier was armed with actual weapons. This included swords, crossbows and spears. These weapons were made by craftsmen in small workshops throughout China.

mausoleum was constructed near the warriors. The mausoleum represented the emperor’s imperial palace. It consists of offices, halls and stables.

Improving Your Reading and Thinking Skills

Think for a few moments. Try to recall the major ideas in this article. When you are done, click the box below for a list of main ideas.


How did you do? With practice, you should be able to identify many of the major ideas. You may even discover some important ideas that aren’t listed.


Emperor Qin’s Terracotta Army, About.
Secrets of Chinese Terra-Cotta Warrior Weapons Revealed, Live Science.
Terra-Cotta Army Protects First Emperor’s Tomb, National Geographic.


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4 comments on "Terracotta Warriors: An Army for a Dead Emperor"

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Ronand Abella

Ang mga nagawa nito ay isang tao dati.Siya ay matapang at hinditakut kahit hindi siya maka gawaaa.Marami na siyang tatatapus sa buhay niya.

Ronand Abella

The terracotta warriors were discovered before 1974.
It was discovered by a Chinese farmer.
This is structured before 210BC.
All structure has been counted it is 8,000people of warriors and 600 horses.

Webster Gabiana

Natutunan ko na ang mga eskultura ay ginawa sa 210 BC. natutunan Higit sa 8,000 terracotta sundalo at 600 kabayo.

Webster Gabiana

I learned that the sculptures were made in 210 BC. Over 8,000 terracotta soldiers and 600 horses.I learned that Ying Zheng became the first emperor of China in 246 BC.I learned that this is important.