The human brain is the control center of the body’s nervous system. It is located in the head and surrounded by a skull that protects the brain. The brain is made up of over 100 billion nerves that communicates and controls the rest of the body.
Photo: The human brain (Creative Commons: Allan Ajifo).
Parts of the Brain
The brain can be broken down into three main parts. These parts and the cerebrum, cerebellum and medulla.
Cerebrum: is the largest part of the brain. It is also located at the top of the brain. The cerebrum is responsible for thinking and voluntary movements. The cerebrum is divided into a left and a right hemisphere.
Cerebellum: is a smaller part of the brain located at the back of the skull and below the cerebrum. The cerebellum is responsible for motor control (coordination of balance and movement) of the body.
Medulla: is located between the spinal cord and the brain. It is sometimes called the brain stem. It is responsible for involuntary (autonomic) movements such as sneezing, the heart beat, and breathing.
Brain Parts and Functions Video by MakeMeGenius
Video: The human brain (source: YouTube).
Improving Your Reading and Thinking Skills
Think for a few moments. Try to recall the major ideas in this article. When you are done, click the box below for a list of main ideas.
How did you do? With practice, you should be able to identify many of the major ideas. You may even discover some important ideas that aren’t listed.
Brain (Human Anatomy), WebMD.