George Washington was one of the founders of the United States. He commanded the army that won independence from Britain. He led the convention that wrote the Constitution (law of the land) of the United States. Washington served as the first president of America. For these reasons, he is known as the ‘father of the country.’
Photo: George Washington (Creative Commons: Cliff).
Biography of George Washington
February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799
George Washington was the son of English immigrants. While not the richest, his family were reasonably well off landowners in the colony of Virginia. Washington became a successful surveyor that helped him to expand his land holdings. At the age of 20, he became one of the leaders of Virginia’s militia.
Washington fought in the French and Indian War (1754-1758). He initially served as an aide to British forces. However, in 1755 he was appointed the commander of the colony’s Virginia regiment. That war gave Washington the experience to develop his leadership and military skills.
Almost 20 years later, the relationship between the colonies and Britain turned sour. The colonies declared themselves independent from Britain. This lead to the American Revolutionary War (1775 – 1783). Washington was appointed commander-in-chief of the revolutionary army and led the American colonies to victory over Britain. After the war, Washington refused to be declared the American king and resigned from the military.
In peace, Washington presided over the Constitutional Convention which crafted the American Constitution. In 1987, he was unanimously elected the first president of the United States.
In presiding over the Constitutional Convention, he steered the 13 American colonies to becoming one strong centralized nation. Washington was an advocate of isolationism and helped keep America out of European politics and wars. Although a military leader, he helped insure that the military was under civilian leadership.
In global terms, Washington was the leader who led the first successful revolution against a colonial empire. He has been the symbol of a war of liberation and strong nationalism to many leaders who followed in his footsteps in other countries.
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Biography of George Washington, Mount Vernon.