Eiffel Tower (Tommie Hansen CC)

The Eiffel Tower was built in 1889 for the World’s Fair in Paris, France. Today, the tower is one of the most popular monuments in the world. It is 324 meters high and made of wrought iron.

Photo: the Eiffel Tower (Creative Commons: Tommie Hansen).

History of the Eiffel Tower

The Eiffel Tower was built for the 1889 World’s Fair. At the time, it was intended as a temporary structure. The tower was the tallest  man-made structure at the time. The tower was designed and named named after Gustave Eiffel a French engineer.

The tower was supposed to be torn down after twenty years. However, the wrought iron structure proved to be valuable for radio communications. During World War I, a radio transmitter was placed in the tower to jam enemy radio communications.

During World War II, Paris was occupied by German forces. When the Germans were forced to retreat, they were ordered destroy the structure and Paris. Fortunately, the German military governor disobeyed the order and saved France’s monument.

The Structure

Today, seven million tourists visit the tower each year. The tower has three levels. The first two levels provide restaurants for guests. The third level is primarily an observation deck. From the deck, visitors are able to view the city below.

Hydraulic lifts are used to transport visitors to the top of the tower. The tower still plays a role in communications. Today, radio and television transmissions are broadcast for the local population.

Improving Your Reading and Thinking Skills

Think for a few moments. Try to recall the major ideas in this article. When you are done, click the box below for a list of main ideas.

 

How did you do? With practice, you should be able to identify many of the major ideas. You may even discover some important ideas that aren’t listed.

Bibliography

Tour Eiffel, Discover France.

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1 comment on "Eiffel Tower: France’s Iconic Monument"

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Ronand Abella
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In1889 the Eiffel tower was made by Gustave Eiffel a french engineer. The tower was supposed to be broken out but thing were made now for a radio to communicate or a transmitter in the world war 1 the radio transmitter was placed in the tower. In world war 2 the German force were need to broke the tower but the German governor dis obey and save France monument.

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