The Eiffel Tower was built in 1889 for the World’s Fair in Paris, France. Today, the tower is one of the most popular monuments in the world. It is 324 meters high and made of wrought iron.
Photo: the Eiffel Tower (Creative Commons: Tommie Hansen).
History of the Eiffel Tower
The Eiffel Tower was built for the 1889 World’s Fair. At the time, it was intended as a temporary structure. The tower was the tallest man-made structure at the time. The tower was designed and named named after Gustave Eiffel a French engineer.
The tower was supposed to be torn down after twenty years. However, the wrought iron structure proved to be valuable for radio communications. During World War I, a radio transmitter was placed in the tower to jam enemy radio communications.
During World War II, Paris was occupied by German forces. When the Germans were forced to retreat, they were ordered destroy the structure and Paris. Fortunately, the German military governor disobeyed the order and saved France’s monument.
Today, seven million tourists visit the tower each year. The tower has three levels. The first two levels provide restaurants for guests. The third level is primarily an observation deck. From the deck, visitors are able to view the city below.
Hydraulic lifts are used to transport visitors to the top of the tower. The tower still plays a role in communications. Today, radio and television transmissions are broadcast for the local population.
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Tour Eiffel, Discover France.